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Mentally Ill Offender Crime Reduction (MIOCR): Fewer days in Jail and continued engagement in services/supports

October, 2018: An update by Sabrina Owen, H&HS, Behavioral Health Manager in SLT:

Mentally Ill Offender Crime Reduction (MIOCR) Grant, which is now in it’s 4th year (funding for grant cycle lasted 3 years with expectation that it would be continued for 4 years )  we had hoped to achieve improvement in mental health and overall stability/quality of life as evidenced by fewer days incarcerated and ideally continued engagement with services (as needed) upon completion of BHC requirements (if applicable).   By addressing BOTH the criminogenic needs (which are scientifically evidenced as the predominant if not the only reason some individuals offend)  as well as mental health symptoms we were successful.  Here are the stats:

The 23* individuals who participated in the project (to date) had a collective 1,988 days incarcerated for the year prior to program engagement,  229 days incarcerated while engaged in treatment, and 611 days incarcerated in the year post-treatment, reducing the collective number of days incarcerated in the year post-treatment as compared to pre-program engagement by 69%.  With the estimated cost of incarcerating an individual in California at $75,000 per year, or roughly $205 per day, there is an estimated cost savings of $282, 285 for the year post-treatment.  *Two participants’ incarceration records were unable to be verified and so numbers are based on 21 participants (the remaining two participants engaged in treatment less than one month).

Six individuals remained in treatment 1-3 months, three individuals 3-6 months, five individuals 6-12 months and four individuals for one year or more.  If we were to remove the five individuals with one month or less of treatment (these were deemed to have had little to no gains due to limited time engaged in services and two of whose numbers were not included in the original findings due to inability to verify), and focus on the 18 individuals who participated from more than a month to over a year, the collective days incarcerated were as follows:

  • One year pre-treatment – 1,804 days (cost $369,820);
  • During treatment – 189 days (cost $38,745); and
  • One year post-treatment – 321 days (cost $65,805).

Reducing collective days of incarceration by 82% in the year post treatment for the 18 individuals who remained in the program for at least one month resulted in estimated cost savings of $304,015 for the year post-treatment.

Increase Long Term Stability of the Participants

Four of the twenty three (16%) participants left treatment due to incarceration. Of the remaining 19 participants, three remain currently engaged, three graduated and seven left the supportive living environment and remain engaged in and/or completed treatment (68%), demonstrating long term stability.

Criminogenic Issues:
The top 3- Criminogenic issues – which are focused upon with mental health symptom management in order to decrease further involvement with the criminal justice system:
Anti-social thinking, behaviors and associates
The remaining 4- Problems with family/support system,  problems with school/employment, substance use and lack of recreational/leisure skills.These are the behaviors/issues scientifically correlated with offending per the Risk, Needs & Responsivity model that is the gold standard for forensic interventions.

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